Religious tourism is rooted in two centuries and is considered as one of the tourist attraction.Religious tourism is the only form of tourism that will overcome weather obstacles.
In a general classification, religious attractions can be divided into several categories:
shrine and monument mosques, tombs and graves, rest and worship old fire monasteries and temples.Religious each of these can have local and regional dimension and the national and international.
Definition and types of religious tourism, tourists traveling for religious purposes, is the person to leave the country of residence for a period of not more than six months to visit the holy places and religious centres. Under the religious tourism should understand the activities related to the provision of services and the needs of tourists traveling to the holy places and religious centres are outside their usual environment. In pilgrim tourism stands spiritual pilgrim tourism.Religious tourism, also commonly referred to as faith tourism, is a type of tourism, where people travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage, missionary, or leisure (fellowship) purposes. The world’s largest form of mass religious tourism takes place at the annual Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
According to the World Tourism Organization, an estimated 300 to 330 million pilgrims visit the world’s key religious sites every year.
In general terms, it can be a kind of religious tourism is tourism that participants are those with religious motivations of holy places like churches, mosques, tombs and so on shrine visit.
Iran one of the countries with high religious places with high potential to attract tourists.
1)The Holy Shrine ( Imam Reza shrine ) :
The tomb of Ali Ibn Musa al-Reza shrine of the name known Imam Reza, it’s the most important shrine in iran’s,This holy place is located in Mashhad in Khorasan Province. Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of the Shies. the shrine of Emam reza which annually receives more than 27 million domestic visitors and two million foreign pilgrims . It’s set in terms of area and population the second largest mosque in the world.
2)Shah-e-cheragh : it’s shrine of the seventh Shia Imam son of Imam Musa and his brother Imam Reza’s shrine and located Shiraz in Fars Province. Shah-e-Cheragh is Persian for “King of the Light”. The site is the most important place of pilgrimage within the city of Shiraz. Ahmad came to Shiraz at the beginning of the third Islamic century and died there. The tomb, with its latticed railing, is in an alcove between the space beneath the dome and the mosque.
3)Fatima Masumeh Shrine: it’s one of the most important religious centres in the city of Qom.which is considered by Shia Muslims to be the second most sacred city in Iran after Mashhad. Fatima Masumeh was the sister of the eighth Imam Reza and the daughter of the seventh Imam Musa Al Kazem.Pilgrims at the Shrine of Fatima Masumeh follow rituals that have been passed down for centuries.
4)The Shah Abdol Azim: Shah Abdol Azim shirin is located in Rey, Iran,it was a fifth generation descendant of Hasan Ibn Ali a companion of Muhammad Al-Taqi. Abdol Azim migrated to Ray out of persecution and subsequently died there.The most historical and portable relic of this holy place, is its costly box which is made of betel-nut wood.
5)Pilgrimage sites in the capital Tehran, Iran, Imam Zadeh Saleh is located in the Square Tajrish, another one Holy Qassim, north of Tehran in Shemiran a region with a history of thousands of years and holy David, the most famous shrine near Tehran, which is located in the mountains of northwestern Tehran, because of the good climate of the area’s tourist attractions.